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NSYSU signs agreement with Port of Kaohsiung to improve air quality

National Sun Yat-sen University Aerosol Science Research Center signed a memorandum of understanding with Port of Kaohsiung, Taiwan International Ports Corporation (TIPC). In hope to protect the air quality in the port, the future collaboration of both parties will include such issues as the air quality in the Port and in ships’ surroundings, characterization of PM 2.5, aerosol science research on sea sprays, characterization of the sea aerosols and air-sea interaction, influence of man-made aerosols on the ocean, fishing industry and biodiversity, cultivation of professionals in the field of sea aerosols and promotion of the education on air quality in the marine environment.

Today (October 18th, 2019), with NSYSU Senior Vice President Yang-Yih Chen, Kuo-Ming Chang – CEO of Port of Kaohsiung, TIPC, and scholars of Academia Sinica Kopin Liu and Chung-Hsuan Chen as witnesses, Director of Aerosol Science Research Center Chia C. Wang signed an MOU with the Director of Occupational Safety and Health Department Hsien-Chang Chang.

National Sun Yat-sen University Aerosol Science Research Center is the only PM 2.5 research center in Asia, investing in basic research on aerosols, their impact on the atmosphere, Earth ecosystems and human health, and their application in the field of biomedical treatment. Director Wang said that the Aerosol Center managed to install an automatic air quality monitoring device on campus and it is the closest to any port in the whole Taiwan. According to past research, the average density of PM 2.5 in the Sizihwan area is relatively low in comparison with monitoring stations in Cianjhen and Zuoying districts, although the overall trend is the same. However, sometimes the levels of PM 2.5 in Sizihwan are higher than in the city center. “Presumably, it is linked to the presence of ships”, she said. Further comparison of the levels of particulates during the hours of ships coming and leaving the port will be necessary to prove this. We hope that through close collaboration with Taiwan International Ports Corporation, we can develop aerosol measurement technology, invest in research on the aerosols in the port area and the ocean to monitor the PM 2.5 in the port area and source of the particulates (such as heavy fuel engine emissions), to protect the air quality in the maritime area in Taiwan and the health of ship crew.

Besides the automatic detector of PM 2.5, the assistant professor Yuan-Pin Chang at Aerosol Science Research Center and expert in light detection and ranging, guest professor of the Center J. B. Nee collaborated on the development of telemetric equipment for laser light detection and ranging of aerosols. “This kind of equipment can detect the vertical distribution of aerosols over the surface of the sea, up to a dozen or so kilometers above the sea level in the cloud layers”. Director Wang said that in this way, the source of air pollution can be identified, the physical properties, distribution in time and space, the possible source and optical properties of the emissions from the ships and of mid-sized and small water droplets in the atmosphere in the Sizihwan Bay and the port area can be analyzed in-depth.

To effectively analyze air quality in the port area, three air quality monitoring stations were established in the Port of Kaohsiung this year by the TIPC. When the air quality is poor, response mechanisms are immediately activated to minimize the air pollution in the port area. The MoU signed with NSYSU aims to prevent air pollution and improve air quality in the port area.

Among today’s guests were: Minn-Tsong Lin – Director of Department of Natural Sciences and Sustainable Development, Ministry of Science and Technology,
Ming-Chi Chou – President of the Office of Research and Development, National Sun Yat-sen University, Ming-Jung Wu – Chairman of the College of Science, Wei-Hsiang Chen – Vice Director of the Aerosol Science Research Center, assistant professor Yuan-Pin Chang and guest professor J. B. Nee of the Aerosol Science Research Center, Chih-Chung Li and Shu-Jen Hsieh – professors at the Department of Chemistry, professor Feng-Chuan Chuang from the Department of Physics, representatives from the Port of Kaohsiung, TIPC: Deputy CEO Chiu-Mei Liu, Departmental Secretary Li-Mei Lin, Director of the Harbor Management Department I-Chin Sung, Supervisor of the Personnel Department Hsin-Mei Lou, Senior Director of the Headquarters’ Occupational Safety and Health Department Wei-Chien Chang, and Chen-Yuan Tsai – assistant technician at the Occupational Safety and Health Department, Port of Kaohsiung.
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